What is Autism?​

 

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and autism are both general terms for a group of complex disorders of brain development. These disorders are characterized, in varying degrees, by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors.



Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are characterized by social interaction difficulties, communication challenges and a tendency to engage in repetitive behaviors. However, symptoms and their severity vary widely across these three core areas. They may result in relatively mild challenges for someone on the high functioning end of the autism spectrum. For others, symptoms may be more severe, when repetitive behaviors and lack of spoken language interfere with everyday life. The basic symptoms of autism are often accompanied by other medical conditions and challenges, which can also vary widely in severity.

 

 

 

​Early signs of autism in babies and toddlers

 

  • Doesn’t make eye contact (e.g. look at you when being fed)

  • Doesn't smile when smiled at

  • Doesn't respond to his or her name, or to the sound of a familiar voice Doesn’t follow objects visually

  • Doesn't point or wave goodbye, or use other gestures to communicate Doesn’t follow the gesture when you point things out

  • Doesn’t make noises to get your attention

  • Doesn’t initiate or respond to cuddling

  • Doesn’t imitate your movements and facial expressions

  • Doesn’t reach out to be picked up

  • Doesn’t play with other people or share interest and enjoyment

  • Doesn’t ask for help or make other basic requests

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*To view more videos on Autism and related topics click HERE

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